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 The Logo of the Church of the Brethren
 
Who are the Brethren?

The Church of the Brethren is a nationwide Christian denomination of about 1000 churches and 125,000 members. Founded in 1708 in Germany upon the scriptures of the New Testament, members believe that Jesus is the Son of God, the Holy Spirit is God's  presence in the world today, baptism must be a conscious choice made by adult believers, and that believers should practice social justice, simple living, and peaceful nonresistance to violence. The Church of the Brethren is of the anabaptist tradition, which is a different historical tradition than that shared by mainline protestant denominations. Anabaptist means "second baptism". It was a derogatory term meant to criticize early believers for baptizing adults who had been baptized in the state church as infants.

Other denominations found in the United States that have an anabaptist tradition include the various forms of Brethren, Mennonites, Brethren in Christ, Church of Christ (Disciples),Quakers and some Baptists. The Church of the Brethren was formerly known as German Baptist Brethren until 1908. Church of the Brethren congregations are spread throughout the United States, but the bulk of their population lies in the Mid-Atlantic states (PA, MD, WV, VA) and the Ohio River Valley states (OH, IN, IL)
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You can discover more about the Church of the Brethren denomination by visiting the www.brethren.org or www.cob-net.org. Both are excellent sources of information.